Dad grilling with child
Summer Health Guide: Article 4 of 6

Tips for Grilling Food Safely

Summer is synonymous with barbeques and cookouts. While planning your backyard celebration with friends and family, keep in mind the risks involved with using a grill and preparing a summer meal. Here are some tips to make sure your summer grilling is safe and healthy. 

Handle food properly to prevent food poisoning

  • Store raw meat, fish, and poultry away from other foods. All foods should be wrapped tightly to prevent cross-contamination.
  • Keep meat refrigerated until about 30 minutes before cooking.
  • Germs such as E. coli and Salmonella can be present in undercooked food and cause severe illnesses. Don’t rely on external appearance. Use a grill thermometer or cut into the meat to gauge if food has been cooked to the desired doneness.
  • To kill bacteria reliably, hamburgers have to be cooked until “well done” (160 degrees Fahrenheit), ground poultry to 165 degrees, and poultry parts to 180 degrees.
  • Do not return cooked poultry to a plate that held raw poultry. Bring along extra dishes and containers to keep raw meats separate from cooked foods.
  • Don’t reuse cooking tools for cooked meat or any other food after using it on raw meat.

Safe grilling can help reduce your risk of cancer

The blackened areas on charred and grilled foods like meat, poultry, and fish contain carcinogenic chemicals. Carcinogens damage DNA and drive mutations that can lead to cancer. If these chemicals appear frequently in your diet, your risk of getting cancer can increase.

To reduce carcinogenic intake:

  • Cook with less intense heat and lower temperatures.
  • Keep your grill clean.
  • Use lean meats.
  • Flip often when grilling meat, poultry, or fish.
  • Choose acid-based marinades like lemon or vinaigrettes over thicker, sugary marinades.
  • Substitute grilled meats with colorful vegetables and other plant-based foods like tofu or tempeh, as they don’t produce cancer-causing chemicals when cooked at high heats.

Before you go,

Get more tips on eating well and learn about the many benefits of good nutrition. Read more nutrition articles.